Many astronomers speculate that the universe is finite, or that it is not infinitely large. It has a spherical shape and is expanding outwards into hyperspace (outside of 3 dimensional spaces)
As it is stated in 1 Kings 8.27- “But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have built?”
The theory of relativity shows that if we began in one position and continued moving forward in any one direction in space we would eventually come back to the point where we started due to the curvature of space in any 3 dimensional direction; similar to what would happen to us on earth moving along any 2-dimensional direction of the earth’s latitude or longitude.
The Bible makes this apparent scientific fact that the universe is finite, 3000 years ago when the king Solomon was talking about the temple of God in Jerusalem and said:
“But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have built?” -1 Kings 8:27 (970 B.C.)
Here the bible seems to be suggesting that God whom is infinite cannot fit inside the “heaven of heavens” or space (the universe) because it is finite. The Bible refers to one of 3 different things when it speaks about the heavens, based upon the context:1st heaven – The Sky 2nd heaven- Orbit, Space 3rd heaven- The dwelling place of God
In this verse, he is speaking about the highest heaven, the heaven of heavens, which he knows is not infinite therefore could not contain all of God.
Observations Pointing to a Finite Universe
1.) Scientists today speculate the universe is finite based on the movement of the galaxies separating away from each other, and this includes the universe’s expansion into hyperspace.
2.) Scientists observe a faint microwave radiation the same distance in all directions known as the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB); this is not associated with any known matter (galaxies, stars, gas clouds etc.). Traditionally the space between stars and galaxies is dark but with radio telescopes this radiation glows faintly within the microwave region of the frequency spectrum. It would seem to indicate the boundaries of the end of the observable universe. It forms a very specific pattern meeting the expectation of what we would find if hot gases where expanded to the size of the entire universe.
3.) Second law of thermodynamics states that in a closed system (such as the whole universe, or even multiple universes) the amount of usable energy is decreasing; or rather being used up (transformed into heat). The universe is running down, thus it must have had a beginning, it is NOT eternal. If it was eternal it would have been used up by now, and because we know that the universe is still here and energy is still being exhausted, we know the universe must have had a beginning.
4.) Olbers’ paradox- Olbers paradox states that if the universe was infinite, every straight line in the sky would end at the surface of a bright star, thus causing the night sky to become very bright, in contrast to our observation the night sky is actually very dark.
5.) Occam’s razor highly suggests that if the universe was infinite, mass would have to be infinite as well or the density of the universe would become theoretically zero which is contrary to celestial observation, and we know that mass is not infinite.