Jeremiah was a prophet of God that preached from the time period of circa 630 to 580 b.c., in Jerusalem. This was the time of Jerusalem’s descent and submission to Babylon’s control. This eventually lead to Jerusalem and the Holy Temples destruction by Babylon in 586 b.c.
TIMELINE OF PROPHECIES
Purpose of Gods Warning
Jeremiah constantly warns the people for God because God wants them to turn away so He can forgive their sins. and constantly warns them Babylon is coming
It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin. – Jer 36:3
BABYLON WILL CONQUER AND DESTROY JERUSALEM
Jerusalem Will be Burned and Destroyed
PROPHESIED: 637 b.c (Jer 1.1-2)
FULFILLED: 586 b.c.
God told Israel that they would be captured, and that Jerusalem would be burned and destroyed by the Babylonians. God also said He would bring pestilence (disease) and famine in the land while they rebel against Babylon.
Other specific prophecies were given by God, such as the bones of the people and of the kings would be taken from their graves and spread out in the open, and that the Holy Temple would be destroyed.
Babylon is coming to devour the city.
Lo, I will bring a nation upon you from far, O house of Israel, says the LORD: it is a mighty nation, it is an ancient nation, a nation whose language you dnt know, neither understand what they say. – Jer 5:15
Daughter of Zion (Jerusalem) will be cut down
O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction… Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but rejected it. – Jer 6:1,19
Judah will burn and not be quenched
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, mine anger and my fury shall be poured out upon this place, upon man, and upon beast, and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not be quenched. – Jer 7:20
For I have set my face against this city for evil, and not for good, saith the LORD: it shall be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire. – Jer 21:10
Then said Jeremiah unto Zedekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; If thou wilt assuredly go forth unto the king of Babylon’s princes, then thy soul shall live, and this city shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, and thine house: – Jer 38:17
Jerusalem will be a heap of ruins
And I will make Jerusalem heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant…. But have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them: – Jer 9:11,14
Babylon will destroy Jerusalem
Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Go and speak to Zedekiah king of Judah, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire – Jer 34:2
Bones of the King and People Scattered from their Graves
At that time, saith the LORD, they shall bring out the bones of the kings of Judah, and the bones of his princes, and the bones of the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of their graves: And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth. – Jer 8:1-2
Pestilence, War & Plague in Jerusalem
God takes away their harvest, grain & vineyards
I will surely consume them, saith the LORD: there shall be no grapes on the vine, nor figs on the fig tree, and the leaf shall fade; and the things that I have given them shall pass away from them. – Jer 8:13
Israel will face Pestilence, War and Famine, then Capture
And I myself will fight against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even in anger, and in fury, and in great wrath. 6. And I will smite the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast: they shall die of a great pestilence. – Jer 21:5
And afterward, saith the LORD, I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah, and his servants, and the people, and such as are left in this city from the pestilence, from the sword, and from the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those that seek their life: and he shall smite them with the edge of the sword; he shall not spare them, neither have pity, nor have mercy. – Jer 52:6
And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land. – Jer 21:7
Holy Temple Destroyed
God told Israel that the temple would be destroyed and the temple treasures will remain in Babylon until the Lord brings them back
PROPHESIED: 595 b.c
FULFILLED: 587 b.c.
19. For thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the pillars, and concerning the sea, and concerning the bases, and concerning the residue of the vessels that remain in this city, 20. Which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took not, when he carried away captive Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah from Jerusalem to Babylon, and all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem; 21. Yea, thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, concerning the vessels that remain in the house of the LORD, and in the house of the king of Judah and of Jerusalem; 22. They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith the LORD; then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place. – Jer 27:19-21
Jerusalem destroyed, King Zedekiah captured
(to Zedekiah) But if thou wilt not go forth to the king of Babylon’s princes, then shall this city be given into the hand of the Chaldeans, and they shall burn it with fire, and thou shalt not escape out of their hand. – Jer 38:18
2. And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done. 3. For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. – Jer 52:2-3
And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about. – Jer 52:4
So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. – Jer 52:5
Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king’s garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain. 8. But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him. 9. Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him. 10. And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah. – Jer 52:7-10
BABYLON WILL RULE MANY NATIONS
WRITTEN: 600-595 b.c.
FULFILLED: 580-540 b.c.
Babylon Will be Ruler of Many Nations
God told the nations of Edom, Moab, Ammonites, Tyrus, Zidon and Israel that He was going to make King Nebuchadnezzar (Babylon) to be over them.
2. Thus saith the LORD to me; Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck, 3. And send them to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah king of Judah; 4. And command them to say unto their masters, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Thus shall ye say unto your masters; 5. I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me. 6. And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him. – Jer 27:2-6
Babylon will Rule Judah for 70 years
Jeremiah warned the king that Babylon was going to come and destroy the city, and that after 70 years of Babylon’s rule over Israel, Babylon would in turn be destroyed and Jerusalem would be restored, and God’s people (Israel) would be allowed to return home.
PROPHESIED: circa 605 b.c. (Jer 25.1)
FULFILLED: 608-538 b.c.
First Exile – Babylon rules Israel
(70 year rule begins): 597 b.c.
Second Exile: 538 b.c. – Persian Empire defeat Babylonian and allowed to be Jerusalem to be rebuilt.
This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years. “But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians, for their guilt,” declares the LORD, “and will make it desolate forever. – Jeremiah 25:11-12
Babylon Captures & Exiles Israel
Babylon will capture Judah –
For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword. – Jer 20:4
For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will sling out the inhabitants of the land at this once, and will distress them, that they may find it so. – Jer 10:18
Jews will be Exiled to Babylon
Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him: but weep sore for him that goeth away: for he shall return no more, nor see his native country. – Jer 22:10
King Zedekiah will be Taken to Babylon
And thou shalt not escape out of his hand, but shalt surely be taken, and delivered into his hand; and thine eyes shall behold the eyes of the king of Babylon, and he shall speak with thee mouth to mouth, and thou shalt go to Babylon – Jer 34:3
THE ISRAELITES WILL BE SCATTERED BUT NOT DESTROYED
PROPHESIED: circa 630-610 b.c.
FULFILLED: 605- 586 b.c.
Jeremiah prophesied that the Jews would be scattered from their homeland and persecuted. He also said that God would protect the Jews from total destruction and that they would one day return to their homeland. Revealing that the second Israel would be more impressive than the first.
Jew will be scattered among the heathen
I will scatter them also among the heathen, whom neither they nor their fathers have known: and I will send a sword after them, till I have consumed them. – Jer 9:16
Scattered like the wind
I will scatter them as with an east wind before the enemy; I will shew them the back, and not the face, in the day of their calamity. – Jer 18:17
Refugees Will Wish they had been killed
And death shall be chosen rather than life by all the residue of them that remain of this evil family, which remain in all the places whither I have driven them, saith the LORD of hosts. – Jer 8.3
BABYLON WILL BE DESTROYED
PROPHESIED : circa 605 b.c. (Jer 25.1)
FULFILLED: circa 540 b.c. (When king Cyrus of Persia conquered Babylon)
But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians, for their guilt,” declares the LORD, “and will make it desolate forever. – Jeremiah 25.12
Babylon will be Captured
1. The word that the LORD spake against Babylon and against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet. 2. Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols are confounded, her images are broken in pieces. 3. For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast. – Jer 50:1-3
Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against them that dwell in the midst of them that rise up against me, a destroying wind; – Jer 51:1
RETURN OF JEWS TO THEIR HOMELAND
PROPHESIED: approx 605 b.c. (Jer 25.1)
FULFILLED: approx 540 b.c. (70 years after Babylon defeated Jerusalem)
Behold, I will gather them out of all countries, whither I have driven them in mine anger, and in my fury, and in great wrath; and I will bring them again unto this place, and I will cause them to dwell safely: – Jer 32:37
Israelites will return to Judah
For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers, and they shall possess it. – Jer 30:3-32
God will bring them back into prosperity
14. And I will be found of you, saith the LORD: and I will turn away your captivity, and I will gather you from all the nations, and from all the places whither I have driven you, saith the LORD; and I will bring you again into the place whence I caused you to be carried away captive. 15. Because ye have said, The LORD hath raised us up prophets in Babylon; 16. Know that thus saith the LORD of the king that sitteth upon the throne of David, and of all the people that dwelleth in this city, and of your brethren that are not gone forth with you into captivity; – Jer 29:14-16
God will bring back the Jewish exiles from Babylon
5. Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Like these good figs, so will I acknowledge them that are carried away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for their good. 6. For I will set mine eyes upon them for good, and I will bring them again to this land: and I will build them, and not pull them down; and I will plant them, and not pluck them up. – Jer 24:5-6
PROPHECIES AGAINST OTHER NATIONS
Edom Will Come To Ruin
PROPHESIED: circa 626-600 BC
FULFILLED: 100 b.c.
Edom was conquered by the Babylonians, then later by the Romans; and to this day, the nation of Edom no longer exists.
Petra (Bozrah, Edom capitol) was conquered by the Roman empire in 100 a.d., was again rebuild only to shortly after fade away into ruins. The city of Palmyra, eventually took most of the trade away and Petra began to decline. Moslems conquered Petra in the 7th Century and Crusaders conquered it in the 12th Century but most likely Edom’s people had been long gone. Petra gradually fell into ruin.
Bozrah the capitol of Edom, a long-time enemy of Israel, was prophesied by Jeremiah to be destroyed.
This capital city, Bozrah (today’s location known as Petra), was carved out of a mountain side and had great natural defenses. Nonetheless, it was destroyed and the kingdom of Edom no longer exists to this day.
… Bozrah shall become a desolation, … O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the LORD. Also Edom shall be a desolation… no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it… – Jer 49:13-18
Babylon Will Overcome Egypt
PROPHESIED: circa 600-580 BC
FULFILLED: 575 b.c.
- see Lachish Ostracha, Clay Tablet (cuniform)
Egypt’s military was requested for help by the king of Jerusalem against the Babylonian army, but they soon retreated back to Egypt. Shortly afterwards Babylon captured Egypt and made them submissive to their new authority. Following the conquer of Tyre, Nebuchadnezzar turned again to Egypt. A clay tablet, now in the British Museum, states: “In the 37th year of Nebuchadnezzar, king of the country of Babylon, he went to Mitzraim, Egypt to make war agianst Amasis, king of Egypt whom marched against him. ” Nebuchadnezzar them completed his subjugation of Phoenicia, and his campaign against Egypt.
5. Then Pharaoh’s army was come forth out of Egypt: and when the Chaldeans that besieged Jerusalem heard tidings of them, they departed from Jerusalem. 6. Then came the word of the LORD unto the prophet Jeremiah, saying, 7. Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Thus shall ye say to the king of Judah, that sent you unto me to enquire of me; Behold, Pharaoh’s army, which is come forth to help you, shall return to Egypt into their own land. – Jer 37:5-7
11….Nebuchadnezzar… And when he cometh, he shall smite the land of Egypt, and deliver such as are for death to death; and such as are for captivity to captivity; and such as are for the sword to the sword. 12. And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captives: and he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace. 13. He shall break also the images of Bethshemesh, that is in the land of Egypt; and the houses of the gods of the Egyptians shall he burn with fire. – Jer 43:11-13
Nebuchadnezzar Will Come Against Egypt
The word which the Lord said to Jeremiah the prophet, of how Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon, would come and make war on the land of Egypt. – Jer 46:13
Egypt’s city of Noph will be made a burnt waste, and the people taken as prisoners.
O daughter living in Egypt, make ready the vessels of a prisoner: for Noph will become a waste, it will be burned up and become unpeopled. – Jer 46:19
God gives Egypt’s Kings to Nebuchadnezzar.
25. The Lord of armies, the God of Israel, has said: See, I will send punishment on Amon of No and on Pharaoh and on those who put their faith in him; 26. And I will give them up into the hands of those who will take their lives, and into the hands of Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon, and into the hands of his servants: and later, it will be peopled as in the past, says the Lord. – Jer 46.25-26
Philistines, Prophecy Against
PROPHESIED: Sometime before 608 b.c.? (Jer 47.1- before Pharaoh attacked Gaza)
FULFILLED: 604 b.c.
The Lord Tells the Philistines in the book of Jeremiah that many of their cities will be attacked :
The Philistines had a major fortified seaport at Ashkelon on the Mediterranean Sea. Archaeologists discovered this just north of present-day Gaza.
Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Ashkelon in 604 BC, as predicted by Jeremiah and other prophets, this happened 18 years before he did the same to Jerusalem.
“Marched to the city of Ashkelon and captured it in the month of Kislev. He captured its king and plundered it and carried off [spoil from it. … ]. He turned the city into a mound [lit. “a tell”] and heaps of ruins and then, in the month of Sebat, he marched back to Babylon.”
– In the Babylonian Chronicle, Nebuchadnezzar
Tyre and Sidon
Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, sieged Tyre for 13 years (585–572 BC), but the precise historical facts of its outcome are still unclear.
There is not sufficient evidence to show that he conquered the city, but it may have surrendered conditionally to him.
Both Jeremiah (27:3–11) and Ezekiel (26:7–14) spoke of this event.
- See Prophetic Facts Tyre Controversy
Apparently both Tyre and Sidon surrendered to Nebuchadnezzar, based on a fragmentary Babylonian administrative document which mentions the kings of Tyre and Sidon as receiving rations from the royal Babylonian household (Pritchard 1969a: 308).
1. The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Philistines, before that Pharaoh smote Gaza. 2. Thus saith the LORD; Behold, waters rise up out of the north, and shall be an overflowing flood, and shall overflow the land, and all that is therein; the city, and them that dwell therein: then the men shall cry, and all the inhabitants of the land shall howl. 3. At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his strong horses, at the rushing of his chariots, and at the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers shall not look back to their children for feebleness of hands; 4. Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor. 5. Baldness is come upon Gaza; Ashkelon is cut off with the remnant of their valley: how long wilt thou cut thyself? 6. O thou sword of the LORD, how long will it be ere thou be quiet? put up thyself into thy scabbard, rest, and be still. 7. How can it be quiet, seeing the LORD hath given it a charge against Ashkelon, and against the sea shore? there hath he appointed it. – Jer 47:1-7
Moab, Prophecy Against
PROPHESIED: Sometime between 600-590 BC
FULFILLED: 586 b.c. (Josephus Antiquities 10.9.7)
God said the cities of the Moabites would be conquered, but he would return the people of Moab to their land. This event most likely was fulfilled after the 70 year rule of the Babylonians, when King Cyrus of Persia ruled that all exiles and captives be returned to their own land. This was the same time the Jews where allowed to rebuild their cities. Moab’s cities that received the warning from God where:
1. Against Moab thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe unto Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded and taken: Misgab is confounded and dismayed. 2. There shall be no more praise of Moab: in Heshbon they have devised evil against it; come, and let us cut it off from being a nation. Also thou shalt be cut down, O Madmen; the sword shall pursue thee. 3. A voice of crying shall be from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction. 4. Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard. – Jer 48:1-4
Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the latter days, saith the LORD. Thus far is the judgment of Moab. – Jer 48:47
Ammon, Prophecy Against
PROPHESIED: circa 600-590 BC
FULFILLED: 582-581 b.c. (Josephus Antiquities 10.9.7)
God said the cities of the Ammonites would be conquered, and about 582 they became a Babylonian province(Ahlstrom 1993:801; Bienkowski 2001:269-70):
1. Concerning the Ammonites, thus saith the LORD; Hath Israel no sons? hath he no heir? why then doth their king inherit Gad, and his people dwell in his cities? 2. Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD. 3. Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; lament, and run to and fro by the hedges; for their king shall go into captivity, and his priests and his princes together. 4. Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me? 5. Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts, from all those that be about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth; and none shall gather up him that wandereth. 6. And afterward I will bring again the captivity of the children of Ammon, saith the LORD. 7. Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished? – Jer 49:1-7
Edom, Prophecies Against
Jeremiah predicted that that land of Edom, despite its fertility and abundance of water supply, (today is a part of Jordan) would become a barren, uninhabited wasteland (Jeremiah 49:15-20; Ezekiel 25:12-14). His description accurately tells the history of that now bleak region
Damascus, Prophecy Against
PROPHESIED: circa 600-590 BC
FULFILLED: (Speculated 585 b.c. by Babylon, Damascus is a thriving city making archaeological digs difficult to confirm historic claims), it was again taken over in 308 b.c. by seleucids (Thomson, CH. “Damascus” ibid.)
23. Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; there is sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet. 24. Damascus is waxed feeble, and turneth herself to flee, and fear hath seized on her: anguish and sorrows have taken her, as a woman in travail. 25. How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy! 26. Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets, and all the men of war shall be cut off in that day, saith the LORD of hosts. 27. And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad. – Jer 49:23-27
Kedar and Hazor, Prophecy Against
PROPHESIED: circa 600-595 BC
FULFILLED: (speculated by 540 b.c.)
This prophecy is meant for the two cities that Nebuchadnezzar had just attacked, Kedar & Hazor only 2 of many small Arab cities. Nebuchadnezzar had defeated them in circa 599 b.c., and this prophecy reveals how they will be completely destroyed when Nebuchadnezzar comes back for them.
Paying attention to the last verse “Hazor will be desolate forever” is true to this day as no place by this name has been discovered. Some believe the reference “kingdoms of Hazor” may have included Deda, Tema, Buz, and a few other Arab nations.
28. Concerning Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon shall smite, thus saith the LORD; Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and spoil the men of the east. 29. Their tents and their flocks shall they take away: they shall take to themselves their curtains, and all their vessels, and their camels; and they shall cry unto them, Fear is on every side. 30. Flee, get you far off, dwell deep, O ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith the LORD; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath conceived a purpose against you. 31. Arise, get you up unto the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, saith the LORD, which have neither gates nor bars, which dwell alone. 32. And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a spoil: and I will scatter into all winds them that are in the utmost corners; and I will bring their calamity from all sides thereof, saith the LORD. 33. And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons, and a desolation for ever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it. – Jer 49:28-33
Elam, Prophecy Against
PROPHESIED: circa 597-595 b.c. (Jer 49.34 Early in Zedekiah’s Reign)
FULFILLED: 639-539 b.c.
God said he is going to spread the Elamites out to all the surrounding nations. Most of Elam had been destroyed by the time of this prophecy by war with the Assyrians by 639 b.c., and they where being pursued by the Babylonians whom they where also at war with. God said he was going to consume them by sword (war) and kill their kings and leaders. By spreading them they would blend into the population of the countries where they where outcast. The bow of Elam, mentioned in v.35, symbolized the fact they where known as excellent archers.
God said he is going to bring back the prosperity of Elam, which would seem more a reference to the land/province itself (v.39), which was fulfilled when King Cyrus made Susa (capitol of Elam) one of his main capitols a century later 539-529 b.c, thus echoing the prophecy that God said he would make his throne in Elam because Cyrus, king of Persia, was God’s servant.
34. The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying, 35. Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might. 36. And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come. 37. For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, even my fierce anger, saith the LORD; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them: 38. And I will set my throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence the king and the princes, saith the LORD. 39. But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring again the prosperity of Elam, saith the LORD. – Jer 49:34-39
The Messiah Will be a Descendant of King David
Written: 626-586 BC
Fulfillment:: 1 A.D.
The days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land. – Jeremiah 23:5
Jesus Christ is a descendant of king David as His mother, Mary, was the direct descendant of King David according to Jewish genealogies.
The Messiah Will Bring Back Judah‘s Captives:
7. And I will cause the captivity of Judah and the captivity of Israel to return, and will build them, as at the first.
8. And I will cleanse them from all their iniquity, whereby they have sinned against me; and I will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and whereby they have transgressed against me.
9. And it shall be to me a name of joy, a praise and an honour before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble for all the goodness and for all the prosperity that I procure unto it.
10. Thus saith the LORD; Again there shall be heard in this place, which ye say shall be desolate without man and without beast, even in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, that are desolate, without man, and without inhabitant, and without beast,
11. The voice of joy, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that shall say, Praise the LORD of hosts: for the LORD is good; for his mercy endureth for ever: and of them that shall bring the sacrifice of praise into the house of the LORD. For I will cause to return the captivity of the land, as at the first, saith the LORD.
12. Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Again in this place, which is desolate without man and without beast, and in all the cities thereof, shall be an habitation of shepherds causing their flocks to lie down.
13. In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the vale, and in the cities of the south, and in the land of Benjamin, and in the places about Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, shall the flocks pass again under the hands of him that telleth them, saith the LORD.
14. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised unto the house of Israel and to the house of Judah.
15. In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.
16. In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness.
17. For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;
18. Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually.
19. And the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, saying,
20. Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;
21. Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.
22. As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.
23. Moreover the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah, saying,
24. Considerest thou not what this people have spoken, saying, The two families which the LORD hath chosen, he hath even cast them off? thus they have despised my people, that they should be no more a nation before them.
25. Thus saith the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth;
26. Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, so that I will not take any of his seed to be rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.
– Jer 33:7-26
Voice of Rachael Weeping for Her Children
This verse was fulfilled when King Herod ordered all children in the kingdom to be killed that where 2 and under, in attempt to kill off the Messiah.
Thus saith Jehovah: A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children; she refuseth to be comforted for her children, because they are not. – Jer 31.15
Gods New Covenant
The Church Age
31 “The time is coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. 32 It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD . 33 “This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time,” declares the LORD . “I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.
34 No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest,” declares the LORD . “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” – Jeremiah 31:31-34
Fulfillment: The New Covenant
23. For it was handed down to me from the Lord, as I gave it to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night when Judas was false to him, took bread, 24. And when it had been broken with an act of praise, he said, This is my body which is for you: do this in memory of me. 2.5 In the same way, with the cup, after the meal, he said, This cup is the new testament in my blood: do this, whenever you take it, in memory of me. 26 For whenever you take the bread and the cup you give witness to the Lord’s death till he comes. – 1 Corinthians 11:23-26
7. For if that first agreement (covenant) had been as good as possible, there would have been no place for a second. 8. For, protesting against them, he says, See, the days are coming when I will make a new agreement with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah; – Hebrews 8:7-8
END TIMES PROPHECIES
Rebirth of Israel
PROPHESIED: 600 b.c.
FULFILLED: 1948 a.d.
The exact location and construction sequence of Jerusalem’s nine suburbs was predicted by Jeremiah circa 600 b.c.
He referred to the time of this building project as “the last days,” that is, the time period of Israel’s second rebirth as a nation in the land of Palestine (Jeremiah 31:38-40).
This rebirth became history in 1948, and the construction of the nine suburbs has gone forward precisely in the locations and in the sequence predicted
Jerusalem Will be Rebuilt
38. See, the days are coming, says the Lord, for the building of the Lord’s town, from the tower of Hananel to the doorway of the angle. 39. And the measuring-line will go out in front of it as far as the hill Gareb, going round to Goah. – Jer 31.38-39
Today, we can see with our own eyes that the Jews have indeed survived widespread persecutions and that they have re-established Israel (in 1948), after 19 centuries of exile and persecutions throughout the world.
Return of the Jews
But have no fear, O Jacob, my servant, and do not be troubled, O Israel: for see, I will make you come back from far away, and your seed from the land where they are prisoners; and Jacob will come back, and will be quiet and in peace, and no one will give him cause for fear. – Jer 46:27
God Will Punish all Nations in His Wrath
Jer 46:10 But that day is the day of the Lord, the Lord of armies, a day of punishment when he will take payment from his haters: and the sword will have all its desire, drinking their blood in full measure: for there is an offering to the Lord, the Lord of armies, in the north country by the river Euphrates.
Jer 46:11 Go up to Gilead and take sweet oil, O virgin daughter of Egypt: there is no help in all your medical arts; nothing will make you well.
Timeline chart: Math.geek3.1415926 – Wikipedia/Jeremiah
Philines – http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/pubs/nn/spr95_ash.html
Ammon History -http://telaviv.academia.edu/OdedLipschits/Papers/942863/Ammon_in_Transition_from_Vassal_Kingdom_to_Babylonian_Province
Elam- Healy, Mark (1991). The Ancient Assyrians. New York: Osprey. pp. p. 54.